- 1 Section 1 – Applicability
- 2 Section 2 – Limitations
- 3 Section 3 – Classification
- 4 Section 4 – Identification
- 5 Section 5 – Packing
- 6 Section 6 – Packaging Specifications and Performance Tests
- 7 Section 7 – Marking & Labelling
- 8 Section 8 – Documentation
- 9 Section 9 – Handling
- 10 Section 10 – Radioactive Materials
- 11 Summary
IATA DGR regulations are amended every year, therefore the beginning of the new year brings changes in the air transport of dangerous goods. The situation is different with the provisions of ADR, which are amended every two years. However, it just so happens that the new ADR Agreement comes out for the years 2021-2023. What changes in IATA DGR brings about the 62nd edition of these regulations? Below is a list of significant changes section by section. So it is a solid dose of information. Since the entry is quite large anyway, I will not comment on all these changes here. Should any of them raise any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me.
Section 1 – Applicability
22.214.171.124 – the list of exceptions has been updated to include the dangerous goods required to protect the transplant organs and the dangerous goods sprayed for pest control. In particular, sub-point (iii) was added as follows:
“(iii) lithium metal or lithium ion cells or batteries meet the provisions of 126.96.36.199.1. Spare lithium batteries, when not in use, must be individually protected so as to prevent short circuits.”
1.5 – Subsection 1.5, as shown in Annex I in the 61st edition, has been adopted to implement the competence-based approach to training and assessment of hazardous materials. Section 1.5 from the 61st edition has been moved to Attachment A (in Appendix H) as there is a 2 year transition period until December 31, 2022 during which time the training requirements from the 61st edition can still be used.
1.7 – New entries have been added to the indicative list of high risk dangerous goods provided in Table 1.7.A.
Section 2 – Limitations
188.8.131.52 – The provisions for mobility aids powered by nickel-metal-hydride or dry batteries have been amended to allow a passenger to carry up to two spare batteries to power the device.
184.108.40.206 – The passenger’s approval to wear a self-inflating safety device, such as a life vest, has been revised to allow for a maximum of two PPE per person and no more than two spare gas cartridges per device.
220.127.116.11 – The regulations for portable electronic devices (PEDs) and PED spare batteries have been amended to combine the regulations for electronic cigarettes and PEDs powered by wet, non-spilling batteries. A clarification has been added to indicate that the rules also apply to dry batteries and nickel-metal-hydride batteries, not just lithium batteries.
2.4.2(a) – Correction has been made to specify that when dry ice is used as a refrigerant for UN3373, all applicable parts of PI 954 must be met and the DPO (Designated Postal Operator) must offer the postal delivery to the operator separately from other shipments to allow the operator to comply with the applicable requirements for accepting and informing the captain.
Section 3 – Classification
18.104.22.168 – Addition of new criteria for solid medical waste containing infectious substances of category A.
3.8.3 – Changes in the criteria for assigning packing groups to corrosive substances and mixtures.
Section 4 – Identification
The following UN numbers have been added or revised :
- UN0511 Detonators, electronic (new);
- UN0512 Detonators, electronic (new);
- UN0513 Detonators, electronic (new);
- UN3363 (added the proper shipping name, Dangerous goods in articles);
- UN3549 Medical waste, Category A, affecting humans and Medical waste, Category A, affecting animals (new);
- UN2216 (revised, both CAO and PAX are approved);
- UN3291 (revised, packing instruction number corrected);
- UN2522 (revised, the word “stabilized” added to the proper shipping name).
Significant changes made to Special Provisions:
- A88 & A99 – inclusion of the State of the Operator as the approval authority for lithium batteries shipped under special provisions A88 and A99. The packing instruction number shown on the DGD must be consistent with the number specified in a special rule in ICAO Technical Instructions, ie PI 910 for A88 and PI 974 for A99;
- A107 – replacing “machinery or apparatus” with “article” in A107. This change reflects the addition of a new proper shipping name to UN3363;
- A145 – for UN1950, Aerosols, A145 has been revised to include reference to gas cartridges and waste containers, small, containing gas. The special provision now includes the authorization that gas cartridges and waste containers, small, containing gas, which have been filled with Chapter 2.2 gas and have been pierced, are not regulated;
- A154 – provisions were added regarding the prohibition of transporting defective batteries;
- A185 / A214 – an explanation regarding lithium batteries installed in the cargo transport unit;
- A201 – changed to enable the transport, in case of urgent medical need, of lithium batteries as cargo in a passenger plane with the consent of the State of origin and approval of the operator. Inclusion of the State of operator as the approval authority for lithium batteries shipped under special regulations;
- A215 – new special provision for UN3077 and UN3082;
- A219 – assigned to UN2216, Fish meal, stabilized stating that antioxidants must be added to the fishmeal to prevent spontaneous combustion.
Section 5 – Packing
22.214.171.124 – a new provision has been added to clarify that packagings may conform to more than one type tested and may bear more than one required UN specification mark 6.0.4 (adapted to the newly added 6.0.7)
Changes have been made to the following Packing Instructions:
PI 378 & PI 972 – changed to allow filling the fuel tanks of machines to a quarter of the fuel tank where the machine cannot be loaded other than in a standing position. Single packaging permitted in PI 457, PI 463, PI 465, PI 470, PI 471, PI 479, PI 482, PI 490, PI 491, and PI 555 have been revised to conform to the UN model approved packaging;
PI 492, PI 870, PI 871 & PI 872 – changed to clarify that cells and / or batteries are packed directly in outer packaging;
PI 622 – changed to PI 621, thus adapting to the UN Model Regulations;
PI 650 & PI 959 – changes have been made to UN3373 and UN3245 to clarify that the diamond-shaped mark with the UN number must appear completely on one side of the packaging;
PI965 to PI 970 – cahnged for UN3480, UN3481, UN3090 and UN3091:
- in particular reference to the fact that lithium cells or batteries identified as damaged or defective in accordance with Special Provision A154 are prohibited for transport ; and
- an indication in Section II that where multiple packing instructions are included on a single air waybill, the statement of compliance may be combined into a single statement. Examples of such statements are contained in 8.2.7;
PI 967 to PI 970 – for Lithium batteries contained in equipment, UN3481, UN3091, both Section I and II have been changed to include the requirement that:
- the devices are secured against displacement in the outer packaging and are packed in a way that prevents accidental activation;
- in the case of multiple devices in the package, they must be packed in a way that prevents damage as a result of contact with other devices in the shipment;
PI 956 – amended to include reference to UN2216, Fish meal, stabilized;
PI 957 – changed to allow the use of both composite and single packages;
PI 962 – changed to reference the new proper shipping name and to use “article” or “articles” instead of “machinery or apparatus”;
PI Y963 – amended to include the statement that single-carrier unit loading equipment may contain dry ice as a refrigerant for consumer goods.
Section 6 – Packaging Specifications and Performance Tests
IATA DGR changes in 62nd Edition regarding this section are significant, however due to the nature of this section, I’m omitting it. If any of you conducts a business in which it must take into account changes in, for example, packaging design and would like to discuss them, please contact me.
Section 7 – Marking & Labelling
126.96.36.199.1 – changed to clarify the height of the UN / ID number and the letters “UN” or “ID” on the packages;
188.8.131.52.3 – mark size change has been made for lithium ion batteries (FIGURE 7.1.C). The actual mark size is 100 x 100 mm (or 100 x 70 mm, when appropriate).
ATTENTION! Despite the IATA DGR changes in 62nd Edition regarding the mark size for lithium-ion batteries, it is still allowed to use the mark size appropriate for the previous edition of the regulations, i.e. 120 x 110 mm.
Section 8 – Documentation
184.108.40.206.2, Step 7 – the requirements on how to describe multiple Overpacks in DGD have changed with an additional example (Figure 8.1.Q);
8.2.1 – the statement required on the Air Waybill when dangerous goods are transferred at the DGD has been revised to accommodate the use of electronic documentation when the DGD is not “attached” but “associated”. There is a two-year transitional period during which any wording is acceptable.
Section 9 – Handling
9.1.9 – the previous provision recommending that operators include the transport of dangerous goods as part of the safety risk assessment process has been amended. This is now a mandatory requirement;
9.6.4 – the requirement to deliver a report on a dangerous event involving dangerous goods to the State of origin has been removed.
Section 10 – Radioactive Materials
I am omitting IATA DGR changes in 62nd Edition regarding radioactive goods. If any of you work with such goods, I encourage you to familiarize yourself with them based on the latest regulations.
The above changes have been described by me only partially. This brief overview is not a substitute for personnel working with dangerous goods to study the new regulations. At the same time, I would like to remind you of the need to train personnel in accordance with IATA DGR 1.5.
If you work sporadically with dangerous goods that must be shipped by air, I invite you to cooperate. I am happy to assist in the preparation of dangerous goods for such shipment. I will also prepare the necessary documentation (DGD).
Both this entry and all the content on this website are for general information purposes only. It should not be understood as DGSA consultancy.